What is Nextcloud?
Nextcloud is a self-hosted solution for storage, communications, editing, calendar, contacts, and more.
This tutorial assumes that you have an Ubuntu server and a domain name configured to point toward the server.
To start, you will need to install the packages that Nextcloud requires:
Set Up MySQL
Next, you will need to log in to MySQL as the
root user of
Once you've logged in, you must create a new user so that Nextcloud can
manage the database. You will also create a
database and assign privileges:
'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';
* TO 'username'@'localhost';
ALL PRIVILEGES ON nextcloud.FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
Download & Install Nextcloud
To download Nextcloud, go the Nextcloud downloads
page, click on
Archive File and right-click the big blue button to copy
Then, go to your server and enter the following commands to download,
unzip, and move the files to your destination directory. This example
example.com as the destination, but you can put it
wherever you want to server your files from.
Configure the Apache Web Server
Now that the database is set up and Nextcloud is installed, you need to
set up the Apache configuration files to tell the server how to handle
First, open the following file in the editor:
Once the editor is open, paste the following information in. Then, save and close the file.
Once the file is saved, enable it with Apache:
Next, enable the Apache mods required by Nextcloud:
Finally, restart Apache. If any errors arise, you must solve those before continuing.
For the app to work, you must have the correct file permissions on your
nextcloud directory. Set the owner to be
If you do not have a static IP address, you will need to update your DNS settings (at your DNS provider) whenever your dynamic IP address changes.
For an example on how I do that with Cloudflare, see my other post: Updating Dynamic DNS with Cloudflare API
If you want to serve Nextcloud from HTTPS rather than plain HTTP, use the following commands to issue Let's Encrypt SSL certificates:
Voilà! You're all done and should be able to access Nextcloud from your domain or IP address.
See the screenshots below for the dashboard and a settings page on my
instance of Nextcloud, using the
Breeze Dark theme I
installed from the Apps page.
Figure 01: Nextcloud Dashboard
Figure 02: Nextcloud Security Settings