Useful CSS Snippets
856 words · 5 minutes
Introduction to CSS
CSS, the language used to markup HTML code and make it "pretty", is one of the most effective ways to increase the attractiveness of a website. It can also lead to increased user engagement, retention, and satisfaction. In fact, there are whole career fields are dedicated to the improvement of user experiences, known as UI design and UX design.
Some web developers are used to the common CSS properties, such as element sizing, fonts, colors, etc., but are not as well versed in less-used properties and values such as
transform. This article will provide some insight into the less-used and unique CSS properties.
The first topic today is CSS variables. Variables are not often used by smaller developers. CSS variables allow you to give your website a well-defined structure, where you can easily reuse CSS properties throughout the project.
You can use variables to define things, such as color palettes. Then, you can use these colors for backgrounds anywhere else in the HTML. This could be extended, where extra variables could be defined for
quoted-text, etc. Variables can also be used to define spacing (e.g.
2rem), which can then be applied to margins, padding, font sizes, and more.
For example, here are some variables defined at the root of the website, which allows for any subsequent CSS rules to use those variables:
CSS Box Shadows
Box shadows were once my mortal enemy. No matter how hard I tried, I just couldn't get them to work how I wanted. Because of this, my favorite discovery has been CSSMatic's box shadow generator. It provides an excellent tool to generate box shadows using their simple sliders. Surprisingly, this is the reason I learned how box shadows work! You can use the sliders and watch how the CSS code changes in the image that is displayed. Through this, you should understand that the basic structure for box shadows is:
Now, let's look at some basic examples! You can copy and paste the following code into a site like CodePen or your own HTML files. Feel free to play around with the code, experiment, and learn.
Box Shadow #1
} } }
Box Shadow #2
} } }
Try these box shadows out on your own and see how changing each shadow value works.
Now, let's move on to the best part of this article: flexbox. The flexbox is by far my favorite new toy. I originally stumbled across this solution after looking for more efficient ways of centering content horizontally AND vertically. I had used a few hack-ish methods before, but flexbox throws those out the window. The best part of it all is that flexbox is dead simple.
Flexbox pertains to the parent div of any element. You want the parent to be the flexbox in which items are arranged using the flex methods. It's easier to see this in action that explained, so let's see an example.
You may notice that we no longer need to use the
top property for the
h3 elements in our code. This is because we set the display box to be a flex container for the small boxes, AND we made the small boxes flex containers for their elements (the h3 tags). Flex boxes can be nested like this to center content that is inside centered content.
For the example above, we designated the
justify-content property to be
flex-start so that the boxes stack from the left side of the screen. This property can be changed to
center to make the boxes appear in the center of the screen.
For an interactive example, check out this CodePen from LandonSchropp. Resize the window with dice to see how they collapse and re-align.
Even More CSS
For more inspiration, you can visit CodePen, Dribbble, or UI Movement to browse the collections of many amazing web designers.